POWER PRODUCTION AND SOURCES: HYDRO,THERMAL, SOLAR,BIO
Electricity is undoubtedly an indispensible ingredient of the Modern life. Power generated through various Hydro-electric Projects is being transmitted to the consumers of this district to meet the requirement. The table below highlights the transmission particulars pertaining to the district.The requirement being on the higher side than the supply it necessitates further strengthening and augmentation of the Power supply System to meet the situation in hand. The projects proposed in this regard under DeendayalUpadhyaya Gram JyotiYojana[DDUGJY] launched on the 3rd December,2014,Integrated Power Development Scheme [IPDS] are as depicted below:.Upon implementation of the proposed projects the supply of power to the Consumers will be adequate and stable
DISTRICT PROFILE ON MICRO SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISE
The head “INDUSTRY & MINERAL” has been put in together taking to various minor sub-heads comprising various components of the sub-heads. At present District Industries Centre, Bargarh headed by one General Manager, is looking into the sub-heads, viz., (i) Village Small Enterprise, (ii) Small Scale Industries, (iii) Food Processing Industries under the programme “MICRO, SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES” along with (iv) Handicrafts under the programme Handicraft & Cottage Industries of the Government through the Heads of Department MSME & Handloom, Textile & Handicrafts being operationalized under the Director of Industries, Odisha at Cuttack and the Director, Handicrafts & Cottage Industries, Odisha at Bhubaneswar.
The District Industries Centre, Bargarh; a district level office is operationalized to facilitate the Entrepreneurs interested in promotion of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises in the district by providing various incentives, loan facilitating training and some Redressal scope by various Redressal mechanism etc., along with subsidy to promoters of Handicraft units. The result of the work done by the District Industries Centre is to boost the employment and organized investment as well as the traditional activities with an up-liftment of gross domestic products.
For promotion of MSME and new ideas under MSME, recently Government of Odisha has notified a prize scheme i.e., ODISHA JUBA NABAPRAVARTANA YOJANA.
ACHIEVEMENT UNDER MSME SECTOR SINCE INCEPTION
Large Scale Enterprises:-
M/s ACC Ltd., Bargarh Cement Works, Bardol is the only large scale enterprise operating in Bargarh district engaged in production of Cement.
The incentive proposal assembled are as follows:-
“VAT” incentive is applicable for the enterprise on its modernization taken up during 2007-08 and recommended for last two years.
Achievement under MSME in EM-I, EM-II, GIP, MSME loan, Sick Industry Revival are mentioned below.
.INDUSTRY AND SERVICE
LIST OF POTENTIAL AND VIABLE MICRO INDUSTRIES IN BARGARH DISTRICT:-
1 ENGINEERING UNIT
2 FABRICATION UNIT
3 GROUND NUT DECORTICATION UNIT
4 DAL PROCESSING & DAL MILL UNIT
5 COTTON GINNING UNIT
6 MOBILE REPAIRING UNIT
7 COMPUTER HARDWARE, SOFTWARE SERVICIDNG & ASSEMBLING UNIT.
8 ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC ASSESSORIES REPAIRING UNIT.
9 STABILIZER REPAIRING & ASSEMBLING UNIT.
10 AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS MANUFACTURING UNIT.
11 TRANSFORMER REPAIRING & ASSEMBLING UNIT.
12 TOMATO CATCHUP & PUREE MANUFACTURING UNIT.
13 VEGETABLE PRESERVATION UNIT.
14 CATTLE FEED MANUFACTURING UNIT
15 FLY ASH BRICKS MANUFACTURING UNIT.
16 G.I. TIN BOX MANUFACTURING UNIT.
17 STEEL FURNITURE MANUFACTURING UNIT.
18 CFL BULB ASSEMBLING UNIT.
19 ELECTRONIC CHOCK REPAIRING & ASSEMBLING UNIT.
20 FLOUR & SPICES UNIT
21 SNACKS, NAMKEEN & SWEETS MANUFACTURING UNIT
22 SAMBALPURI LOK VASTRA/HOSIERY MANUFACTURING UNIT.
23 X-RAY & PATHO LAB.
24 INTERNET CAFÉ WITH XEROX UNIT.
25 AUTOMOBILE REPAIRING GARRAGE.
26 HOT & COLD TYRE RETREADING UNIT
27 ICE SLAB PLANT
28 AUTOMOBILE WATER SERVICING UNIT
29 RESTAURANT & DHABA UNIT
30 TENT HOUSE WITH LIGHT & DJ SOUND HIRING UNIT
31 KALYAN MANDAP
32 STONE CRUSHER
33 PSC POLE & PRE-CAST CEMENT PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING UNIT.
34 MODERN SALOON
35 BEAUTY PARLOUR
36 PAPER/LEAF CUP & PLATE MANUFACTURING UNIT
37 PICKLE MANUFACTURING UNIT.
38 UMBRELLA MANUFACTURING UNIT.
Achievement on Handicraft Sector of Bargarh District
There are about 11293 handicraft artisans in the district practicing various crafts like Terracotta, Bamboo Craft, Brass & Bell Metal, Painted Wooden Toys, Stone Carving etc. The important craft pockets in Bargarh district are Kulitatukura, Gandhitukura of Attabira,Katapali of Bargarh Block & Barapalli. Some of the National & State Awardees and prominent master crafts persons of the district are listed below.
.The details of developmental schemes implemented in the district are given below:-
1. MCM / GurusishyaParampara Training Programme
The scheme envisages transfer of traditional skill of National Awardee/ State Awardee/ National Merit Certificate winner to new generation of artisans in the pattern of Gurusishya tradition of learning to up-keep the traditional craft heritage. Similarly, training programmes are also conducted engaging reputed master craft persons in order to increase the handicraft artisans of the state as this sector provides the best opportunity for self employment with minimum capital investment.
The training programmes conducted during last five years are given below:
.During the last financial year 2014-15, two nos of training programmes under Gurusishya Parampara has been started and at present both are ongoing programmes. The detail of the training is as follows.
2.Marketing & Publicity
Marketing assistance is provided to Cooperatives/ SHGs/ individual artisans through exhibitions organized inside and outside the state. Every year exhibitions are organized at Bargarh during Dhanuyatra to provide marketing assistance to handicraft artisans. During the year2014-15, a Handicraft Exhibition was organized at Bargarh from 27th December2014 to 5th January 2015 on the occasion of Dhanuyatra Mahostav.
3.Craft Village Programme
Under this scheme, craft clusters are developed on SHG mode with need-based interventions like skill up-gradation training, supply of improved tools & equipments, design development, margin money for bank linkage, marketing support etc. to ensure livelihood of handicraft artisans. The following craft clusters are developed during last five years.
4.Rehabilitation of Handicraft Artisans
Under the scheme financial assistance is provided to artisans/ entrepreneurs in shape of margin money for availing bank finance for setting up own production unit. During the last 5 years, 83 handicraft artisans have been assisted with margin money of Rs.5,06,000/- to avail bank finance in order to set up own production units.
5. MTUHI(Modernisation & Technological Up gradation of Handicraft Industries):
During the financial year2012-13, 01 nos of case was sanctioned and disbursed from SBI Sohela under the above scheme on art leather work & a sum of Rs 90000/- financial assistance has been provided.
6. Aam Admi Bima Yojana:
During the financial year i,e 2014-15 ,423 nos of artisans enrolled under AABY.
7. Work-shed cum Housing to Handicraft Artisans:
During the financial year2014-15, out of 12 nos of applicants assisted under the scheme work-shed cum housing to handicraft artisans against physical target 1& financial target Rs70000/-.
8. Distribution of solar lantern:
305 nos of solar lanterns were distributed to handicraft artisans for last financial year 2014-15 under Chief Ministers special package.. Village-wise nos of artisans as follows:
Sl no Name of the village Name of the craft Nos of artisans covered
1 Antradi, Ambabhona Bamboo Craft 16
2 Ludupali, Ambabhona Stone Carving 01
3 Ganthiapali, Ambabhona Stone Carving 02
4 Ghungurapali, Ambabhona Stone Carving 02
5 Kapasira, Ambabhona Stone Carving 08
6 Amjhar, Attabira Bamboo Craft 15
7 Launsara, Bargarh Sisal fibre Craft 15
8 Bagbadi, Barpali Terracotta Craft 01
9 Kumelsingha, Attabira Wood Carving 01
10 Kangaon, Sohela Terracotta 01
11 Tentelpali, Barpali Terracotta 06
12 Barangapali, Barpali Wood & stone Carving 03
13 Sohela Terracotta 01
14 Telmahul, Padampur Bamboo Craft 30
15 Katapali, Bargarh Brass & Bell Metal 122
16 Uttam, Ambabhona Tassar Painting 01
17 Baigapali, Ambabhona Stone Carving 01
18 Gandhitikira, Attabira Brass & Bell Metal 15
19 Kulitatukura, Attabira Brass & Bell Metal 15
20 Paramanpur, Attabira Bamboo Craft 07
21 Tupapada, Attabira Bamboo Craft 11
22 Amastala, Attabira Wood Carving 01
23 Kebad, Barpali Terracotta 30
INFORMATION ON HANDICRAFT EXHIBITION ORGANISED BY DIC, BARGARH ON THE OCCASION OF DHANUYATRA MAHOSTAV FROM 27.12.14 TO 05.12.14.
Total 43 nos of stall were allotted for promotion of Handicraft Industries. Out of which 15 nos of stalls were booked for DIC Handicraft Sector, 3nos for MSME sector & 25 nos for Directorate Handicraft & Cottage Industries. 50Nos of artisans of different crafts participated in the Exhibition & their sales turnover is as follows.
Sl no Name of the Craft Total sale made in (Rs)
1 Art Textile 184300/-
2 Natural Fibre Craft 14200/-
3 Terracotta 263700/-
4 Paper Mache 30150/-
5 Brass & Bell metal 135200/-
6 Block Printing 243000/-
7 Stone Carving 121000/-
8 Embroidery & woollen craft 53200/-
9 Bamboo Craft 26900/-
10 Artistic footwear 45100/-
11 Wooden Craft 431700/-
12 Coconut Shell 41700/-
13 Art Painting 9400/-
14 Appliqué & Sea Shell 361100/-
15 Patta Painting & Palm leaf Engraving 241800/-
16 Soft toys 176150/-
17 Coir Products 130300/-
DEVELOPMENT THROUGH INDUSTRY & INDUSTRIALISATION.
Earning livelihood sectors and classified as below:-
1. Farm Sector (Farming activities)
a. Agriculture/Horticulture/Floriculture related activities.
b. Animal Husbandry activities.
2. Non-Farm Sector (Industrial & Service related activities)
a. Industrial Activities – In such activities raw-material is purchased/procured and after some processing activities a new product and bi-product is formed
– e.g., Biscuit Factory, Steel Plant etc.
b. Service related Activities – In such activities some sort of service is provided/rendered and a token of fees is taken as service charges,
e.g. -Laundry/Dry Cleaning Centre,
– Vehicle Servicing Centre,
– I.T. related service/Solution Providers.
– Educational/Financial/Training Institutions.
c. Industry was earlier classified as –
(i) SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY
(ii) MEDIUM SCALE INDUSTRY
(iii) LARGE/MEGA INDUSTRY.
Service Related Service & Business Enterprise (SSSB)
It provides more employment and is more prominent in our society. Here more employment can be created in comparatively less fixed investment.
Industry Vs. Large Industry/Mega Industry-
Industry:- – Here comparatively more fixed capital investment is required for creating employment, e.g., few lacs can generate 3 to 4 even higher employment.
Large/Mega Industry:-Here comparatively even higher fixed capital investment is required for creating employment. Here indirect employment is in chain and induces urbanization. Fixed capital investment can range in to thousands of crores and direct employment may range from few thousand to 5,000 or 10,000 only.
But here indirect employment is much higher and leads to urbanization, e.g. – Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) presently known as SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited). It led to urbanization of Rourkela Steel City.
To broaden the purview of Industry in 2006 MSMED Act 2006 and MSMED Facilitation Rule 2007 was introduced.
MSMED ACT 2006 & MSMED FACILITATION RULES 2007 –
Micro Small & Medium Enterprise Development Act 2006:-
Industry was declared as enterprise i.e., Industry Enterprise and Service and Business enterprise. Here even business was termed as Enterprise.
Micro Small & Medium Enterprise Development Facilitation Rules 2007
(Means a Rule frame work for implementing above MSMED Act 2006)
Industry Enterprise –
1. MICRO Enterprise – Where investment in Plant & Machinery is less than 25 lacs.
2. Small Enterprise – Where investment in Plant & Machinery is more than 25 lacs and less than 5 crores.
3. Medium Enterprise – Where investment in Plant & Machinery is more than 5 crores and less than 10 crores.
1. MICRO Enterprise – Where equipment cost is less than 5 lac
2. Small Enterprise – Where equipment cost is more than 5 lacs and less than 25 lacs.
3. Medium Enterprise – Where the cost of equipment is more than 25 lacs and less than 2 crores.
M S M E SECTOR
It creates highest employment after Agriculture and contributes much to country’s economic growth, G.D.P. – e.g. Steel production of the MSME (SME) is more than large scale/Mega Large Industries.
Under MSMED Act 2006 for having some fiscal incentive/benefit from Government Entrepreneurs Memorandum Acknowledgement Part-I, i.e., E.M.I (Entrepreneurs Memorandum Part-I an acknowledgement for new enterprises) & E.M.II (Entrepreneurs Memorandum Part-II an acknowledgement for existing enterprises) is necessary.
E.M. Part-I (or EM-I) is issued to a new enterprise for facilitation of all clearances and NOC’s for establishing a new enterprise.
E.M. Part-II (or EM-II) is issued to an existing enterprise for providing various fiscal incentives or supports of few types.
• EM-I/EM-II is optional for MICRO and Small Enterprise whereas mandatory for Medium Enterprise (for industrial enterprises).
• EM-I/EM-II is fully optional for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise (for service enterprise).
What is Fixed Capital Investment:-
Cost of – (i) Land; (ii) Building; (iii) Machinery is called Fixed Capital Investment.
1. Capital Expenditure C.E. (Block Capital)
2. Working Capital – W.C.
Own contribution of fund in a project is called equity (Margin Money Contribution).
Loan amount taken from a financial institution is called Debt.
Debt and Equity Ratio :-
Debt Equity ratio is the ratio between Debt and Equity.
Example – If equity is 25% and Loan (Debt) is 75%, than Debt Equity ratio
Which means 3 part of loan and 1 part of own equity.
For promotion of MSME(SME Sector) Govt. of India support:-
Institutions are –
1. MSME DI;
4. MSME Tool Room/CIPET
1) MSME DI:- MSME DI has head office at Cuttack at College Square and Branches at Rourkela and Rayagada.
Cuttack head office is headed by a Director whereas Branches offices at Rourkela and Rayagada are headed by Deputy Director.
Principal work of MSME DI is as follows:-
Impart training under MSME.
Creating awareness under MSME for young entrepreneurs and existing entrepreneurs.
Providing marketing support.
Providing fiscal incentives/development of Industrial clusters
Prepares Project Profiles & Project Reports for entrepreneurs at nominal rate.
2) SIDBI (Small Industry Development Bank of India):- It finances all SMEs and has head office at Bhubaneswar at Rupali Chowk, and Branch Office at Rourkela. It provides refinance and provides various fiscal incentives through banks for bankable projects. Some of them are –
a. Credit Guarantee Trust for Small & Medium Enterprise (CGTSME):- Under this scheme Loan (Debt) up to 1 crore is provided by Bank without co-lateral security and if it goes bad then this Trust (CGTSME) covers the project and bank is repaid the default amount. For this scheme EM-I is mandatory and bank has to decide the bank worthiness.
b. CLCSS: – Under this scheme for modernization/technological up-gradation 15% of the Machinery cost is reimbursed.
c. National Equity Fund Trust (NEFT):- Under this scheme banks can refinance and SIDBI refinances the scheme. Minimum Equity participation for MSME is 20% to 30% of the project. If an entrepreneur is contributing 10% then rest of the Margin Money is refunded by SIDBI through NEFT. There is also bankers have the final say over the bank worthiness of the project.
3) National Small Industry Corporation (NSIC):-
Its head office is at Cuttack with Branches at (i) Bhubaneswar; (ii) Rourkela & (iii) Bolangir. Main works of NSIC is as follows –
Creating awareness among existing entrepreneurs.
Marketing support through consortium firm.
Raw-material supply at PSU rebate
Publicity and Exhibition for export and marketing.
Finance under bank guarantee.
4) MSME TOOL ROOM:-It is a support technical training institution under Ministry of MSME Department, Government of India. It imparts various trainings.
5) CIPET:- It is a support technical training institution of Government of India under Plastic & Petrochemicals. It is situated at Bhubaneswar. It is also engaged in research.
6) IMMT:- It is a support technical training institution of Government of India under Minerals and Materials. It is situated at Acharya Vihar, Bhubaneswar. It is also engaged in research.
For promotion of MSME(SME Sector) Govt. of Odisha support:-
Institutions are –
1. Directorate of Industries, Odisha, Cuttack.
2. District Industries Centre at District level.
3. Export, Promotion & Marketing, Bhubaneswar.
1) DIRECTORATE OF INDUSTRIES, ODISHA, CUTTACK:- It is head office of MSME Department of Government of Odisha situated at Killamaidan, Cuttack.
2) DISTRICT INDUSTRIES CENTRES AT DISTRICT LEVEL:- It is a district level office of MSME Department at various Districts (i.e., Udyami Mitras at District Level). Its work is as follows – (See Annexure)
• Promotion of MSME
• Providing training
• Creating awareness
• Publicity and Marketing.
• Providing/Accessing fiscal incentives under various policies.
• Acknowledging EM-I & EM-II on-line and its amendment through www.msmeodisha.gov.in
• Facilitating clearances through District Single Window Clearance Authority (DSWCA)
• Redressal of disputes through Shilpa Adalat.
• Providing Government land for MSME in District or Industrial Shed.
• Implementing Prime Ministers Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) (Details at Annexure).
• Implementing Odisha Food Processing Policy (OFPP) 2013 (Details at Annexure)
• Sponsoring of loan proposals to Bank/Financial Institutions.
• Handholding support for finalization of the Project Reports/Project Profiles.
• Promotion of Ancillary & Down-stream Industries.
Its situation in Districts –
GENERAL MANAGER MANAGER
(HANDICRAFT & COTTAGE INDUSTRIES ASST. MANAGER
(RAW MATERIAL) ASST. MANAGER
(PROJECT) ASST. MANAGER
(CREDIT) ASST. MANAGER (H & C.I.)
INDUSTRIES PROMOTION OFFICERS
In the Blocks also called BLOCK EXTENSION OFFICERS
Documents required for sponsoring loan proposals to banks:-
1. Land related papers/Registered lease etc.
2. Detailed Project Report with flow chart, activity chart, demand supply gap study, marketing strategy.
3. Entrepreneurs Memorandum Part-I.
4. Partnership/Company Registration, if any.
5. Clearances/Licenses from local body, if any.
6. Power assurance, if applicable.
7. Consent to establish certificate from Orissa State Pollution Control Board, if any.
8. Plant lay out to the scale.
1) Export, Promotion & Marketing, Bhubaneswar:-
Its head office is at Ashoka Nagar, Bhubaneswar having various Testing Laboratories at Rourkela, Angul, Bolangir & Bhubaneswar. Its main work is to help MSMEs in marketing of their products after assuring its quality. For this purpose, it requires EP&M on-line registration at www.msmeodisha.gov.inThen followed by testing in their laboratory and then providing rate contract for 60 odd products which are declared as store items and any Government Offices are supposed to purchase at the rate contract value without going for open tender. There local MSMEs get 10% to 15% price preference. And in this way the fate of MSMEs is protected over large scale industries.
2) Industrial Development Corporation Odisha (IDCO) :- It provides Government land and procures private land for giving/transferring to Industrial (MSME) through DIC’s through DSWCA. It acquires the land and develops it. Improves infrastructure like – (a) Road Connectivity; (b) Water arrangement; (c) Electrification; (d) Constructing Shed etc.
3) Orissa Small Industries Corporation Ltd., (OSIC Ltd) :- Following are the main work taken up by the institution under MSME –
Marketing of MSME products.
Supply of Raw-material like Coal, Steel, Bitumen to MSMEs/Govt. Sectors.
Supply of Medical equipment, instruments to I.T.I./Poly Techniques/Engineering Schools of OTE&T.
Procurement of Govt. Supplies etc.
Responsibility of Company/Corporation:-
a. Peripheral Development: – All Large & Mega Large Industries are bound to do peripheral development under Company/Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Under this provision all Large and Mega Large Industries are required to pay 5% of their net profit for peripheral development which is deposited to District Administration. There is one Peripheral Development Committee in a district headed by the Collector and District Magistrate. Its works and development is monitored by Revenue Divisional Commissioner (R.D.C.). The main work includes as under –
i. Community Infrastructure Building.
ii. Improve Road and connectivity.
iii. Improve education and health, Rural water supply, Sanitation.
iv. Providing training/skill development training to adjacent villagers for better employability and creating employment.
v. Community development through exposure, training and bringing to Self Help Group (SHG) fold.
b. Public Hearing/Social impact assessment:- The Large & Mega Large Industries or highly polluting industries are required to conduct Public Hearings and Social impact assessment prior to getting clearance for consent to establish of the plant. It is monitored by District Administration and convened by Orissa State Pollution Control Board (OSPCB) is an office under Ministry of Environment & Forest. Pollution may be of three types e.g., (i) Noise; (ii) Air; & (iii) Water. State subjects are governed by Government of Odisha norms under Ministry of Environment & Forest whereas Centre subjects are governed by Government of India norms of Ministry of Environment & Forest.
A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is prepared and its impact on the society related to Sound, Air & Water is assessed. Measures to reduce Sound, Air & Water pollution is also studied. The zone of impact is also identified. A topposhet of 5-10 KM radium is formed. The benefit of the plant like development and employment is also assessed. The works related to the Company/Corporate to reduce impact or infrastructure development and employability majors it assessed. The full report is done by a consultant organization and approved by an Environment Scientist/Expert. One Hard as well as Soft copy of it is supplied to District Industries Centre & OSPCB. OSPCB moves to District Administration and then District Administration sends the proposal to State Government Ministry of Environment & Forest giving more than 60 days’ time for public hearing.
At last Ministry of Environment & Forest notifies the date of public hearing in the local daily News with minimum 60 days’ time. Any person, local organization can visit DIC and seek papers related to social impact assessment.
On the day of public hearing, Govt. Agencies, including Collector & District Magistrate; Labour Department officials; OSPCB officials; DIC officials; concerned Tahasildars & Sub-Collectors are present. To keep Law & Order, Police is deployed. The public hearing is done at the concerned village/Gram Panchayat, all proceedings is video graphed. Then the full proceedings in assessed by OSPCB officials and papers are moved to District Administration. If District Administration okays the project then finally Ministry of Environment & Forest clears the project and issues consent to establish for the project.
ANCILLARY UNIT & LARGE SCALE INDUSTRY (Mother Plant) :-
An MSME unit around (within & outside district) a Large Scale (PSU or Private) industries, whose productions more than 50% products is consumed by the Large Scale industries are called Ancillary unit of the Large Scale Industries i.e., mother plant (the Ancillary unit may be industrial as well as Service unit).
The Large Plants (mother plants) are those on which Ancillary Units depend for their marketing.
The mother plants may be PSUs – e.g., (i) Public Sector Unit or (ii) Private Sector Units.
DOWN STREAM INDUSTRIES:-Down Stream Industries are those who use products/by-products of the Large Scale Industries as their raw material.
MARKETING SUPPORT TO MSME’S BY MOTHER PLANT:-
For continuous sustainability of MSME units Large Scale Units (Mother Plants) are supposed to purchase (procure) minimum of 20% from MSME’s and their Ancillary unit under purchase policy of Government of India.