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Physiographic and Agro Climatic condition :-

The district of Bargarh, situated in the western most part of Odisha is located within the latitude of 20043’N to 21041’N and longitude of 82039’E to 83058’E. Extending over an area of 5837 sq. kilometre it occupies 3.75% of the state’s geographical area. It got recognition as an individual district from the 1st April 1993 with the historical reorganization of the districts in the state. The district of Bargarh has 2 revenue sub-divisions namely Bargarh&Padampur 12 tahasils, 12 blocks, 3 towns, 1 municipality, 3 NACs, 248 GPs, 1207 villages and 203550 farm families. The head quarters of the district is situated at Bargarh which is located between two distributaries of the river Mahanadi i.e. Danta on the east and Jeera on the west.
The Gardhmardan and Barapahar mountain ranges of the district are endowed with rich flora and fauna with great animal and plant bio-diversity. The Gardhmardan mountain range has dense forests with profuse natural vegetation of medicinal importance. Moreover, Bargarh also immensely adds to the mineral wealth of Odisha. The limestone ore near Dunguri area in Bhatli and Ambabhona blocks, Bauxite cap of Gardhmardan plateau and coal deposits in Gaisilet basin along the Ongriver are among the precious natural reserves of the state.
The three important rivers flowing through the district are Jeera, Ong and Danta. They form the sub-catchments of Mahanadi catchment. The upper stream of Mahanadi reservoir lies adjacent to Ambabhona and Attabira blocks whereas river Mahanadi flows just adjacent to Bheden block.
Climate :-
The climate of the district is characterized by a very hot and dry summer with erratic distribution of rain from the south-west monsoon. The winter season commences from November and lasts till the end of February. The summer follows thereafter and continues till the second week of June. The monsoon season normally extends from mid June to the end of September. The Bargarh district is coming under west Central Table Land Agro Climatic Zone. This ACZ consist of four Agro Ecological Situation (AES) with different Soil type.
Nature and Types of Soil fertility
The climate, vegetation, other biotic factors and parent rock types have considerably influenced the genesis of soil and consequently great variation is observed in the types of soil in different parts of the district Red and yellow soils are commonly found in the north-western Barapahar forest of the district. Similarly, red and yellow soil in association with black soil are observed in Paikmal, Jharbandh, Padampur and Gaisilet Blocks in Ong valley. In the north-western Ambabhona plain & south Bargarh plain laterite soil Based on the soil test, soils of Bargarh district have been found to be occurs extensively.
mostly acidic. The nutrient index indicates that the soils of the district mostly have medium nutrient status as regards the organic carbon and phosphorous whereas rich in potassium.
Land Utilization pattern in the district
Of the total geographical area of the district, 3, 48,747 hectares is cultivated area constituting 59.79% of the geographical area. The forest shares about 14% of the geographical area. The detailed land utilization pattern of the district is presented in the following table.Irrigation- Major, Medium, Minor irrigation project, Traditional modes of Irrigation
Hirakud is a major irrigation project. The four Blocks of the district namely Attabira, Bheden, Barpali and Bargarh receive irrigation to a large extent from Bargarh Canal. Besides, a small part of Bijepur Block and Bhatli Block also receive irrigation from Hirakud Dam project. There are three medium irrigation projects i.e. Jharbandh and Dumerbahal in Bargarh district and Saipala in Nuapada district which provide irrigation to some areas in Paikmal and JharbandhBlock.Most of the Blocks of the district receive irrigation in varying extent from minor irrigation like lift, tanks and wells etc. As a whole, an area of 153920Ha. which constitute 44% of the cultivated area receive irrigation in Kharif and 101947Ha. constituting 29% of the cultivated area gets irrigation in the Rabi season.
. Soil erosion and Soil conservation :-
The soil moisture regime is dry and temperature regime is Hypothermic. The predominant soil type is coarse loamy. Only the black soils have fine loamy texture which is highly erodible. The overall water storage capacity of the soil is below 200mm per meter of soil depth. The organic matter content is so poor and soil physical condition is bad with a hard crust and massive structure because of eroded top soil.
Land degradation is widespread both horizontally and vertically because of deforestation, shifting cultivation, exploitation of resources, mismanagement and abuse of land resources, gully cutting, bank cutting, sand casting, mining quarries, arbitrary ditches and trenches by ‘gem’ explorers in the district.
The cultivated upland which constitutes more than 50% of the net sown area is without any mechanism against soil erosion and almost bare of plants and trees. Almost 65% of the area is having moderate to severe erosion and productivity is already down-graded. As per satellite imagery and survey report, the district has only 0.44% of the surface area under water bodies. The forest area, as per forest survey is only 23.5% of the total geographical area and that too 50% is open forest having less than 40% crown density.
Drought is a recurring phenomenon in the district because of erratic rainfall. Departure from normal rainfall with a deficiency of more than 25% caused the present drought condition. The agricultural drought occur when soil moisture and rainfall are inadequate during the growing season to support healthy crop growth to maturity and cause crop stress. The average rainfall of the district of Bargarh is 1317.2mm and the irrigation provision hardly does take care of the water requirement in critical time.
The objectives of Watershed Development Projects are: –
• To develop wastelands/degraded lands, drought-prone and desert areas on watershed basis keeping in view the capability of land, site-conditions and local needs.
• To promote the overall economic development and improving the socio-economic condition of the resource poor and disadvantaged sections inhabiting the programme areas.
• To mitigate the adverse effects of extreme climatic conditions such as drought and desertification on crops, human and livestock population for their overall improvement.
• To restore ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing natural resources i.e. land, water, vegetative cover.
• To encourage village community for :
o Sustained community action for the operation and maintenance of assets created and further development of the potential of the natural resources in the watershed.
o Simple, easy and affordable technological solutions and institutional arrangements that make use of, and build upon, local technical knowledge and available materials.
o Employment generation, poverty alleviation, community empowerment and development of human and other economic resources of the village.
Watershed development projects are based inter aliaon the following principles:
• Equity and Gender Sensitivity
• Decentralization, delegation and professionalism
• Facilitating Agencies with Social mobilisation
• Centrality of Community Participation
• Capacity Building and Technology Inputs
• Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning
• Organizational Restructuring
The new approach to watershed development provides a paradigm shift in the traditional approach. The role is now changed to facilitator. It envisages a bottom-up approach whereby the users’ group themselves decide their work programme.
• Development of clusters of micro watersheds in a holistic manner rather than piecemeal treatment in sporadic patches.
• Decentralization of decision-making process by involving local PanchyatiRaj Institutions, NGOs, Government Departments and watershed community at the grass root level. The people are given actual decision-making power in terms of project implementation and fund disbursal.
• A three-tier approach addresses hilly/forest regions, intermediate tier or slopes and lastly, plains and flat areas.
• The scheme promotes locally available low cost technology.
• The scheme also aims at creating rural employment opportunities.

Crops grown in the district and other Agricultural produce
Paddy, Maize, Kulthi, Arhar, Mung, Biri, Groundnut & Cotton crops are the potential crops of the district.
Traditional varieties:
Dubraj, Jhilli, Sapuri, Sursoful, Harisankar, Salekanthi, Rajkarni, Jubaful, Kalasu
High Yielding varieties:-
The most the farmers prefer to grow are MTU-7029, MTU-1001, MTU-1010. Other high yielding varieties generally grown in the district are Lalat, Puja, Surendra, Pratiskya, RGL-2332, Tapaswinin, Sonam, Satabdi, Jogesh, Ranidhan, Sahabhagi, Swarna Sub-1 etc.
Hybrid varieties:-
Rajalaxmi, Ajaya, Anx-6444, JKRH-401, Aria-Dhani
Local varieties
Kaduamung, Jhainmung, Kharselmung, Chaetumung
HY varieties
PDM-54, PDM-11, K-851, PusaBaisakhi, Kamadeb, PDM-139, SML-668
Biri :-
HY varieties
Sarala, T-9, PU-30, PU-31,
ICPL-87, Jagruti,Laxmi, UPAS-120, Asha
Groundnut :
AK-12-24, Smruti, TAG-24, GG-2, TG-3, ICGS-91124, TG-51
Sugarcane :
CO-7805, CO-87044, Nayana, Nilamadhab, Sabita, CO-87A-298
Marketing of Agriculture Produce :-
Systematic marketing of paddy is done in different market yards by RMC and PACs. This year cotton was procured by Cotton Corporation India through RMC, Padampur. Marketing for other Agriculture produces like Pulse, Oil seed, vegetable are not up to standard in the district. One Sugar factories are there for procurement of sugarcane from the farmers. There are more than hundred numbers of rice mills and one Sugar factory in Bargarh district.
Cropping Pattern and Crop Rotation
Cropping Pattern adopted in the district is as follows
1. Rice – Mustard – Rice
2. Rice – Ground nut
3. Rice – vegetable
4. Rice – Rice
5. Rice – vegetable-vegetable
6. Rice – Potato – Sesame
7. Rice – Groundnut – Green gram
The following intercropping is also followed in the district.
Arhar + Groundnut (2:6) Arhar + Rice (2:5)
Arhar + Green gram (2:3) Groundnut + Green gram (6:2)
Rice + Field Pea ( Paira)
(c) Agriculture Technology and Productivity
To boost the paddy production improved technology like Line sowing, Line Transplanting by using drum seedier, Seed drill and Trans planter are implemented. Systematic Rice Intensification(SRI) method of rice cultivation is getting popularized gradually for increase of productivity. Introduction of new varieties, mixed cropping and use of balanced fertilizer in pulse and oil seed will increase the productivity.Crop diseases, Control Mechanism and Crop Protection :-
Major insect Pest occurring in paddy in our district which includes yellow stem bor, leaf folder, plant hoppers &sometimes galluidge. Among the important diseases commomly occur are rice blast, sheath blight and BCB. For surveillance of Pest, e—pest Surveillance programme is in operation both in Kharif& Rabi crops. KrushakSathis are engaged for the purpose & one Krushaksathi is entrusted with 8 villages. The data are being collected regularly & sent online for the consultation of scientists for need based management. As & when required pesticides are being supplied to the farmers on 50% subsidy. Moreover, Seed Treatment Campaigns are also being organised for creating awareness among the farmers. In this Kharif 120 Seed Treatment Campaigns have also been organised @ 10/ Block.
The Planning Commission of India prescribes for establishment of one KrishiVigyana Kendra for each district. Accordingly, a KrishiVigyana Kendra, also known as Farm Science Centre, was set up in the district of Bargarh at Gambharipali which started functioning in the year 1992 under the Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology as a full funded project of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
It is situated at 200 21’ North Latitude and 80055’ East Longitude at a distance of 7 kms towards south from National Highway No. 6 lying between Bombay and Kolkata.
Out of the 10 agro-climatic zones of the State the district comes under the “west central table land zone”. In the zone there are seven Agro Ecological Situation (AES) out of which five are found in the district. The KVK falls under the AES “plain canal irrigated”.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra is a centre for transfer of innovative technology in the district. The KVK functions on the principle of collaborative participation of scientists, subject matter experts, extension workers and farmers. At present it is headed by a Senior Scientist, six Scientists, three Technical Assistants and six supporting staffs.
The KVK exercises PRA survey in the adopted villages and basing on that the major problems and opportunities in agriculture are traced out as follows:
. Degradation of soil fertility of paddy soils.
. Pest and disease attack in paddy.
. High cost of cultivation of rice.
. Low yield of groundnut during Kharif.
. Low yield of pulses and other oilseeds.
. Low yield of vegetables.
. Unavailability of good quality seeds of vegetables.
. Poor manuring of fruits trees.
. High cost of milk production.
. Poor standard of living of marginal and small farmers.
. Low income of farm women.
. Drudgery of farm women
Keeping these in view, attempts have been taken by the KVK through its mandatory activities to overcome the above problems.
1. Conduct of“On Farm Testing” for indentifying technologies in terms of location specific sustainable land.
2. Organise training to update the extension personnel with emerging advances in agricultural research on regular basis.
3. Organise short and long-term vocational training courses in agriculture and allied vocations for the farmers and rural youths with emphasis on “learning by doing” for higher production of farms and generating self-employment.
4. Organise frontline demonstrations on various crops to generate production data and feedback information.
5. Utilising farm land for production of quality seed and planting material under revolving fund activities.
During past years the following technologies have been popularised by KVK in Bargarh district:
1. Preparation of alley ways in paddy against attack of BPH
2. Introduction of newly released rice varieties like Ranidhan, Sahabhagidhan, Pratikhya, CR Borodhan-2.
3. Soil test based fertilizer application in rice.
4. Application of Azospirillum and Phosphobactrium in rice.
5. Use of Azolla in rice.
6. Use of Sesbania (Dhanicha) in rice.
7. Groundnut after rice in the tail end areas.
8. Toria as a catch crop in between kharif and summer rice.
9. Introduction of Rajmah as a new crop after rice.
10. Introduction of backyard poultry Banaraj, Rainbow rooster and Khaki Campbell duckery.
11. Popularisation of small farm tools like cono weeder, groundnut stripper, okra plucker, Mahua decorticator, sugarcane bud chipper etc. among farm women to reduce drudgery.
12. Demonstration on home-scale vermin culture/composting.
13. Popularisation of mushroom cultivation (paddy straw mushroom& oyster mushroom).
14. Spread of seed production techniques of BT-2, BT-10, Utkal raja tomato.
15. Demonstration on shock treatment in kagji lime to induce fruiting by horticulturist.
16. Carbide treatment in pineapple.
17. Rearing of cross bred white pig.
18. Mushroom spawn production.
19. Cultivation of marigold varieties like PusaBasanti, Ceracole etc.
20. Fodder (Hybrid Napier) Cultivation for improving milk yield of cows.
Linking projects with KVK
The KVK also worked along with line departments, NGOs etc. for proper implementation of different agricultural projects.
BGREI :“Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India” activities are going on in 12 Blocks in Rabi season. The project was also implemented in 9 Blocks of the district during last Kharif season. The activities like deep ploughing, line sowing and transplanting, application of secondary nutrients like Zinc and herbicides was the main feature of this activities.
ATMA : Capacity building programme and Farmer Scientist interaction is also taken up by KVK in collaboration with “Agricultural Technology Management Agency” [ATMA], Bargarh. Five cases of verification trials were conducted during last Rabi as per discussion held during the governing body meeting of ATMA.
NABARD: With the support from “National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development”[NABARD] leading crops like Groundnut, Arhar, Black gram and Green gram in the districts are promoted through participatory approach with NGOs, CIDI, Aahinsa Club and Debadutta Club.

Village –Sukuda

. Crop Diversification in Rainfed upland.
. FLD Pulse on Arhar.
. Intercropping of Arhar with Groundnut.
. Popularisation of various IPM technologies.
. Seed treatment campaign.
. Use of bio pesticides/ bio agents.
. Celebration of Technology Week.
. Soil Test campaign
. Promotion of organic farming
. Animal Health camp
. CD Show
. Distribution of various seeds& seedlings.
. Distribution of booklet for knowledge enhancement.
. Enrolment of farmers under distance education programme.
. Awareness programme on Swacha Bharat Mission
Proposed On farm Trial –Kharif 2015
Sl No Title
1 Assessment of Picoxystrobin spray against blast of rice
2 Assessment of chemical against citrus leaf minor and psyllids
3 Assessment of white Pekin breed of duck
4 Assessment of yield potential of CR Borodhan-2 in rainfed condition
5 Assessment of Pigeon pea Variety Kamika
6 Assessment of Spine gourd Var. ArkaNeelachal Shree
7 Assessment of Wilt resistant Tomato Hybrid SwarnaSampad
Proposed Frontline Demonstration –Kharif 2015
Sl No Title
1 Popularization of light trap for control of paddy pest in Kharif season
2 Bio intensive pest management practices against stem borer and leaf folder infesting kharif paddy
3 Demonstration of mahua seed decorticator for drudgery reduction
4 Demonstration on Ceracole variety of marigold
5 Production technology of hybrid rice.
6 Production of Kharif onion
7 HYV scented rice –Nuadhusera (CR-Sugandhadhan-3)
8 Arhar -soyabean intercropping system for rainfed areas
9 Demonstration on INM in green gram
10 Pond Based IFS
11 Production of HYV ginger “SUPRAVA”
Crop Planning for instructional farm
Product from KVK Target with Unit
Seeds (q) Paddy-Pratikhya, Manaswini 800 qtls
Seedlings/ Saplings (No.) Papaya, cauliflower, cabbage, tomato, Brinjal, Onion etc. 100000 nos.
Bio- Products Vermicompost Mushroom 2000 kg
220 kg
Fingerlings/Fish Fish 25 kg
Others Items Mushroom Spawn 1000 bottle
Kishan Mobile Advisory Service
Type of message No. of message Beneficiaries
Text 150 4000
Voice 50 5000

Future Plans
Steps will be taken to prepare the technological package and mass media campaign of popular demonstration practices for the welfare of farming community in Bargarh district.
Soil Testing :-
• Issue of Soil Health Card as a flag ship programme is launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister.
• Now that Bargarh is provided with State Soil Testing Laboratory. The target for 2015-16 is collection and analysis of 10000 samples.
• In 3 years totally 61000 Soil samples will be collected and analysed.
• The samples collected will be GPS reading based and one sample will be collected for grid of 2.5 ha. in irrigated area & 10 ha. in non irrigated area.
Chakuli farm was established during 1956-57under the establishment of Deputy Director of Agriculture, now under the establishment of DDA, Bargarh district. This farm is located at 35 km away from Sambalpur and 25 km from district head quarters i.e. Bargarh on the way of NH-6 at latitude of 21-220 North longitude of 840 East and its altitude 178.81 mts from the mean sea level. It is coming under the Western Central Table Land zone & located in the ayacut of Hirakud command area. The Agril Farm is coming under extreme climate. In summer season temperature soars up to 450 centigrade, In winter mercury drops to as low as 100 centigrade. The average rainfall of this Agril Farm is 1467 mm with 88 rainy days per annum.Seed is the basic and crucial input to increase crop yield per unit area. Day by day demand of seed is increasing in increasing rate. So in order to meet the demand of quality seed for higher production, productivity & profitability the seed production programme are taken up in the departmental farms having following objectives.
1. To undertake the production of foundation & certified seed of paddy & non-paddy crop with the purview of seed act.
2. To undertake the seed production programme basing on efficient use of resources like land, labour, water, time, money, and to conserve soil, water, air & biodiversity.
o LATITUDE: 21’-29”N
o LONGITUDA: 84’.20 E”
. Cultivable area: 18.218.
. Area under roads, buildings, tanks, irrigation channels: 4.040
. Area unfit for cultivation which cannot be brought under cultivation due to rocks, stone bed, hill rock, nallas: 0.064
. Area under orchard out of cultivable area:
. classification of land: (figure in hectors)

Cultivable area: 65.00
Area under roads, buildings, tanks, irrigation channels: 2.00
Area unfit for cultivation which cannot be brought under cultivation due to rocks, stone bed, hill rock, nallas: nil
Area under orchard out of cultivable area: 3.00
The Animal Resource Development sector of Bargarh District came to its independent existence in the year 1993.
The prime duties and responsibilities of this sector are:-
a. To provide health care measures to the ailing animals
b. To provide preventive health care to animals of different spaces and birds through vaccination.
c. To bring about genetic upgradation of the animals specially bovine and caprine through artificial insemination and introduction of outside breeds.
d. To educate the rural farmers to adopt new methods and innovations in animal husbandry practices.
e. To motivate and suggest different activities of animal husbandry to rural youth as means of self employment.
f. To ensure public health by controlling different zoonotic disease.
g. To promote and assist rural farmers to take up fodder cultivation.

AINTHAPALI (Barpali Block)

MAHAKHAND (Sohela Block)
HALDIPALI (Attabira Block)
Mobile Veterinary Unit (MVU)
Mobile Veterinary Unit (MVU) in our veterinary service delivery system is designed as an alternative model of rural animal health care delivery for a specified area with earmarked team of veterinary professionals with supporting equipments& drugs. It is envisaged to provide preventive, curative services as well as breeding facilities in the inaccessible areas
To examine the general health condition and to treat the livestock
To provide doorstep veterinary service (Breeding, Curative).
To educate people to adopt appropriate modern technology for improving the productivity.
To make disease surveillance and monitoring of livestock and poultry diseases.
To attend outbreaks of livestock diseases particularly Anthrax.SELF EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES
PDE (Promotion of Dairy Entrepreneurship)
In order to increase the productivity of dairy animals, expanding infrastructure for procurement, processing, marketing and quality assurance in milk, Government of Odisha is envisaging implementing a new scheme “PROMOTION OF DAIRY ENTREPRENEURSHIP “from the financial year 2013-14.
.To promote setting up modern dairy farms for production of clean milk.
.To up -grade traditional technology to handle milk on commercial scale.
.To generate self-employment and provide infrastructure mainly for unorganized dairy sector
Farmers, individual entrepreneurs, groups of unorganized and organized sector etc. Groups of
Organized sector include self-help groups etc. Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme
This scheme was started from 01.09.2010 with an outlay of Rs 250 crore during the 11th Plan.
• Objectives of the Scheme
Setting up modern dairy farms for production of clean milk
• Encourage heifer calf rearing for conservation and development of good breeding stock
• Bring structural changes in unorganized sector so that initial processing of milk can be taken up at village level.
• Up gradation of traditional technology to handle milk on commercial scale
• Generate self employment and provide infrastructure mainly for unorganized dairy sector.
Pattern of assistance
Entrepreneur contribution (Margin)-10% of the outlay (Minimum)
Back ended capital subsidy –25% of the outlay – general category (33.33% for SC/ST farmers)
Effective Bank Loan – Balance portion/Minimum of 40% of the outlay.
Government of India will provide 25% back ended capital subsidy to General category and 33.33% for SC/ST farmers of the cost of project subject to its component wise ceiling which will be adjusted against the last few instalments of repayment of bank loan.
Implementing Agencies:
National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) will be the Nodal Agency for implementation of the scheme. Commercial Banks, Co-operative Banks and Regional Rural and urban Banks will implement the scheme. The scheme is open to organized as well as unorganized sector.
The Mission is designed to cover all the activities required to ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in livestock production systems and capacity building of all stakeholder
1. Sustainable growth and development of livestock sector, including poultry
2. Increasing availability of fodder and feed to substantially reduce the demand –supply gap
3. Accelerating production of quality fodder and fodder seeds through effective seed production
6. Capacity building of state functionaries and livestock owners through strengthened extension machinery to provide quality extension service to farmers.
7. Promoting skill based training and dissemination of technologies for reducing cost of production, and improving production of livestock sector
8. Promoting initiatives for conservation and genetic up gradation of indigenous breeds of livestock
9. Encouraging formation of groups of farmers and cooperatives / producers’ companies of small and marginal farmers / livestock owners.
11. Providing infrastructure and linkage for marketing, processing and value addition as forward linkage for the farmer’s enterprises.
12. Promoting risk management measures including livestock insurance for farmersThe programme first of the kind in the state is to boost milk production. The state government has signed Rs 52.19 crore MoU with the Pune based Bhartiya Agro Industries Foundation. In this kalyani Project at least five lakh youths will be self employed in 10 years. This Kalyani Project will be implemented in 14 districts.

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