The Supreme Court vide its judgment dated 27.02.2012 in the Writ Petition (Civil) No. 512 of 2002 on ‘Networking of Rivers’ along with Writ Petition No. 668 of 2002 directed the Union of India and particularly the Ministry of Water Resources to constitute a Committee under the chairmanship of Minister of Water Resources for the implementation of Interlinking of Rivers Programme (ILR). As per the directions of Supreme Court, a committee called “Special Committee on Interlinking of Rivers” was constituted under the Chairmanship of the Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR) for the implementation of ILR programme vide Gazette Notification dated 23rd September, 2014. Thirteen meetings of the Special Committee for ILR have been held so far (last meeting held on 27.07.2017 at New Delhi), wherein State Irrigation/ Water Resources Ministers along with the Secretaries of various States attended the meetings. The Special Committee on ILR takes into consideration all the suggestions/observations of the stakeholders while planning and formulating the ILR projects.
In the first meeting of the Special Committee for ILR held on 17.10.2014, it was decided to constitute the following four specific sub-committees.
i) Sub-committee for comprehensive evaluation of various studies/reports (Sub-Committee – I)
Seven meetings of Sub-committee-I have been held so far. The last meeting was held on 26.07.2016.
ii) Sub-Committee for system studies for identifications of most appropriate alternate plan (Sub-Committee – II)
Ten meetings of Sub-committee-II have been held so far. The last meeting was held on 03.03.2017.
iii) Sub-Committee for Restructuring of National Water Development Agency (Sub-committee – III)
Sub-committee – III completed the assigned task and submitted its report to the Ministry of Water Resources, RD&GR on 21.09.2015.
iv) Sub-committee for consensus building through negotiations and arriving at agreement between concerned States (Sub-committee – IV)
Two meetings of Sub-committee – IV have been held so far and the last meeting was held on 30.10.2015.
Constitution of Task Force for Interlinking of Rivers (2015)
The Union Cabinet while approving the constitution of Special Committee for ILR in its meeting held on 24thJuly, 2014 directed that a committee comprising of experts be constituted to look into the issues relating to inter linking of rivers. In compliance to the direction of Union Cabinet, MoWR, RD & GR vide O.M. dated 13thApril, 2015 constituted a Task Force for ILR under the Chairmanship of Shri B.N. Navalawala, Chief Advisor, MoWR, RD&GR. The Task Force assists the Special Committee for ILR and MoWR, RD & GR regarding the implementation of ILR Programme. Eight meetings of the Task Force have been held so far and the last meeting was held on 15.09.2017.
Present Status of Interlinking of Rivers Programme
Under the National Perspective Plan (NPP) for water resources development through inter basin transfer of water prepared by this Ministry in August 1980, National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Component & 14 under Himalayan Component) for preparation of Feasibility Reports (FRs). After survey and investigations, FRs of 14 links under Peninsular Component and 2 links in the Himalayan component have been prepared. Present status, States concerned and States benefited of Inter Basin Water Transfer Links are given in Annexure. Based on the concurrence of concerned states, four priority links for preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) have been identified viz; Ken-Betwa link project (KBLP) Phase-I & II, Damanganga-Pinjal link, Par-Tapi-Narmada link and Mahanadi-Godavari link. The DPRs of KBLP Phase I & II, Daman-Ganga-Pinjal, Par-Tapi-Narmada have been prepared and shared with the respective States. Further, various Statutory Clearances have been obtained for KBLP Phase-I. The project will benefit the drought prone areas of Bundelkhand region in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Further, the techno-economic clearance to the Damanganga-Pinjal link project has also been accorded subject to statutory clearances. The DPR of Par-Tapi-Narmada has been submitted for technical appraisal in Central Water Commission. The DPR of the Mahanadi – Godavari link could not be taken up as the Government of Odisha was not agreeable for Mahanadi – Godavari link, a mother link of 9 link system viz., Mahanadi – Godavari – Krishna – Pennar – Palar – Cauvery – Vaigai – Gundar linkage due to large submergence involved in Manibhadra Dam. Based on the suggestions of WRD, Govt. of Odisha, NWDA has prepared a preliminary revised proposal of Mahanadi- Godavari Link Project with reduced submergence and submitted to the State Govt. of Odisha.
Present status of Inter Basin Water Transfer Links, the States involved, name of rivers and status of Feasibility Reports/Detailed Project Report
|Sl. No||Name||Rivers||States concerned||Status|
|1||Mahanadi (Manibhadra) – Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link||Mahanadi & Godavari||Odisha, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, & Chattisgarh||FR Completed|
|2||Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Pulichintala) link||Godavari & Krishna||-do-||FR Completed|
|3||Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link||Godavari & Krishna||Odisha, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Chattisgarh,||FR Completed|
|4||Godavari (Polavaram) – Krishna (Vijayawada) link||Godavari & Krishna||Odisha, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, & Chattisgarh||FR Completed|
|5||Krishna (Almatti) – Pennar link||Krishna & Pennar||-do-||FR Completed|
|6||Krishna (Srisailam) – Pennar link||Krishna & Pennar||-do-||FR Completed|
|7||Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) – Pennar (Somasila ) link||Krishna & Pennar||Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka,||FR Completed|
|8||Pennar (Somasila) – Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link||Pennar & Cauvery||Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry||FR Completed|
|9||Cauvery (Kattalai) – Vaigai -Gundar link||Cauvery, Vaigai & Gundar||Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry||FR Completed|
|Ken & Betwa||Uttar Pradesh & Madhya Pradesh||FR & DPR (Ph-I&II) Completed|
|11||Parbati -Kalisindh- Chambal link||Parbati, Kalisindh & Chambal||Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh (UP requested to be consulted during consensus building)||FR Completed|
|12||Par-Tapi-Narmada link||Par, Tapi & Narmada||Maharashtra & Gujarat||FR & DPR Completed|
|13||Damanganga – Pinjal link||Damanganga & Pinjal||Maharashtra & Gujarat||FR & DPR Completed|
|14||Bedti – Varda link||Bedti & Varda||Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka||PFR Completed|
|15||Netravati – Hemavati link||Netravati & Hemavati||Karnataka, Tamil Nadu & Kerala||PFR Completed|
|16||Pamba – Achankovil – Vaippar link||Pamba, Achankovil & Vaippar||Kerala & Tamil Nadu,||FR Completed|
|1.||Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga (M-S-T-G) link||Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga||Assam, West Bengal, Bihar& Bhutan||PFR completed|
|2.||Kosi-Ghaghra link||Kosi & Ghaghra||Bihar , Uttar Pradesh & Nepal||PFR completed|
|3.||Gandak-Ganga link||Gandak & Ganga||-do-||Draft FR completed
|4.||Ghaghra-Yamuna link||Ghaghra & Yamuna||-do-||FR completed (Indian portion)|
|5.||Sarda-Yamuna link||Sarda & Yamuna||Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand & Nepal||FR completed (Indian portion)|
|6.||Yamuna-Rajasthan link||Yamuna & Sukri||Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana & Rajasthan||Draft FR completed|
|7.||Rajasthan-Sabarmati link||Sabarmati||-do-||Draft FR completed|
|8.||Chunar-Sone Barrage link||Ganga & Sone||Bihar & Uttar Pradesh||Draft FR completed|
|9.||Sone Dam – Southern Tributaries of Ganga link||Sone & Badua||Bihar & Jharkhand||PFR completed|
|10.||Ganga(Farakka)-Damodar-Subernarekha link||Ganga, Damodar & Subernarekha||West Bengal, Odisha & Jharkhand||Draft FR completed|
|11.||Subernarekha-Mahanadi link||Subernarekha & Mahanadi||West Bengal & Odisha||Draft FR
|Kosi-Mechi link||Kosi &Mechi||Bihar , West Bengal & Nepal||PFR completed Entirely lies in Nepal|
|13.||Ganga (Farakka)-Sunderbans link||Ganga & Ichhamati||West Bengal||Draft FR completed|
|14.||Jogighopa-Tista-Farakka link (Alternative to M-S-T-G)||Manas, Tista & Ganga||-do-||(Alternative to M-S-T-G Link) dropped|
PFR- Pre Feasibility Report
· FR- Feasibility Report
· DPR- Detailed Project Report
This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.