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Inter-Linking of Rivers

Inter-Linking of Rivers

The Supreme Court vide its judgment dated 27.02.2012 in the Writ Petition (Civil) No. 512 of 2002 on ‘Networking of Rivers’ along with Writ Petition No. 668 of 2002 directed the Union of India and particularly the Ministry of Water Resources to constitute a Committee under the chairmanship of Minister of Water Resources for the implementation of Interlinking of Rivers Programme (ILR).   As per the directions of Supreme Court, a committee called “Special Committee on Interlinking of Rivers” was constituted under the Chairmanship of the Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD & GR) for the implementation of ILR programme vide Gazette Notification dated 23rd September, 2014. Thirteen meetings of the Special Committee for ILR have been held so far (last meeting held on 27.07.2017 at New Delhi), wherein State Irrigation/ Water Resources Ministers along with the Secretaries of various States attended the meetings. The Special Committee on ILR takes into consideration all the suggestions/observations of the stakeholders while planning and formulating the ILR projects.

In the first meeting of the Special Committee for ILR held on 17.10.2014, it was decided to constitute the following four specific sub-committees.

i)      Sub-committee for comprehensive evaluation of various studies/reports (Sub-Committee – I)

Seven meetings of Sub-committee-I have been held so far. The last meeting was held on 26.07.2016.

ii)    Sub-Committee for system studies for identifications of most appropriate alternate plan (Sub-Committee – II)

Ten meetings of Sub-committee-II have been held so far. The last meeting was held on 03.03.2017.

iii)  Sub-Committee for Restructuring of National Water Development Agency (Sub-committee – III)

Sub-committee – III completed the assigned task and submitted its report to the Ministry of Water Resources, RD&GR on 21.09.2015.

iv)  Sub-committee for consensus building through negotiations and arriving at agreement between concerned States (Sub-committee – IV)

Two meetings of Sub-committee – IV have been held so far and the last meeting was held on 30.10.2015.

Constitution of Task Force for Interlinking of Rivers (2015)

The Union Cabinet while approving the constitution of Special Committee for ILR in its meeting held on 24thJuly, 2014 directed that a committee comprising of experts be constituted to look into the issues relating to inter linking of rivers. In compliance to the direction of Union Cabinet, MoWR, RD & GR vide O.M. dated 13thApril, 2015 constituted a Task Force for ILR under the Chairmanship of Shri B.N. Navalawala, Chief Advisor, MoWR, RD&GR. The Task Force assists the Special Committee for ILR and MoWR, RD & GR regarding the implementation of ILR Programme. Eight meetings of the Task Force have been held so far and the last meeting was held on 15.09.2017.

Present Status of Interlinking of Rivers Programme

Under the National Perspective Plan (NPP) for water resources development through inter basin transfer of water prepared by this Ministry in August 1980, National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Component & 14 under Himalayan Component) for preparation of Feasibility Reports (FRs). After survey and investigations, FRs of 14 links under Peninsular Component and 2 links in the Himalayan component have been prepared. Present status, States concerned and States benefited of Inter Basin Water Transfer Links are given in Annexure. Based on the concurrence of concerned states, four priority links for preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) have been identified viz; Ken-Betwa link project (KBLP) Phase-I & II, Damanganga-Pinjal link, Par-Tapi-Narmada link and Mahanadi-Godavari link. The DPRs of KBLP Phase I & II, Daman-Ganga-Pinjal, Par-Tapi-Narmada have been prepared and shared with the respective States. Further, various Statutory Clearances have been obtained for KBLP Phase-I. The project will benefit the drought prone areas of Bundelkhand region in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Further, the techno-economic clearance to the Damanganga-Pinjal link project has also been accorded subject to statutory clearances. The DPR of Par-Tapi-Narmada has been submitted for technical appraisal in Central Water Commission. The DPR of the Mahanadi – Godavari link could not be taken up as the Government of Odisha was not agreeable for Mahanadi – Godavari link, a mother link of 9 link system viz., Mahanadi – Godavari – Krishna – Pennar – Palar – Cauvery – Vaigai – Gundar linkage due to large submergence involved in Manibhadra Dam. Based on the suggestions of WRD, Govt. of Odisha, NWDA has prepared a preliminary revised proposal of Mahanadi- Godavari Link Project with reduced submergence and submitted to the State Govt. of Odisha.

Present status of Inter Basin Water Transfer Links, the States involved, name of rivers and status of Feasibility Reports/Detailed Project Report

Sl. No Name Rivers States concerned Status
Peninsular  Component      
1 Mahanadi (Manibhadra) – Godavari (Dowlaiswaram) link Mahanadi  & Godavari Odisha, Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, & Chattisgarh FR Completed
2 Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Pulichintala) link Godavari  &   Krishna -do- FR Completed
3 Godavari (Inchampalli) – Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) link Godavari & Krishna Odisha, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Chattisgarh, FR Completed
4 Godavari (Polavaram) – Krishna (Vijayawada) link Godavari & Krishna Odisha, Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, & Chattisgarh FR Completed
5 Krishna (Almatti) – Pennar link Krishna  &  Pennar -do- FR Completed
6 Krishna (Srisailam) – Pennar link Krishna  &  Pennar -do- FR Completed
7 Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) – Pennar (Somasila ) link Krishna  &  Pennar Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka, FR Completed
8 Pennar (Somasila) – Cauvery (Grand Anicut) link Pennar  & Cauvery Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry FR Completed
9  Cauvery (Kattalai) – Vaigai -Gundar link Cauvery, Vaigai & Gundar Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Puducherry FR Completed
10 Ken-Betwa link


Ken & Betwa Uttar Pradesh  & Madhya Pradesh FR & DPR (Ph-I&II) Completed
11 Parbati -Kalisindh-  Chambal link Parbati, Kalisindh & Chambal Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh (UP  requested to be consulted during consensus building) FR Completed
12 Par-Tapi-Narmada link Par, Tapi & Narmada  Maharashtra & Gujarat FR & DPR Completed
13 Damanganga – Pinjal link Damanganga & Pinjal Maharashtra & Gujarat FR & DPR Completed
14 Bedti – Varda link Bedti & Varda Maharashtra,  Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka PFR Completed
15 Netravati – Hemavati link Netravati & Hemavati Karnataka, Tamil Nadu &  Kerala PFR Completed
16 Pamba – Achankovil – Vaippar link Pamba, Achankovil & Vaippar Kerala & Tamil Nadu, FR Completed
Himalayan Component      
1. Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga (M-S-T-G) link Manas-Sankosh-Tista-Ganga Assam, West Bengal,  Bihar& Bhutan PFR completed
2. Kosi-Ghaghra link Kosi & Ghaghra Bihar , Uttar Pradesh & Nepal PFR completed
3. Gandak-Ganga link Gandak & Ganga -do- Draft FR  completed

(Indian portion)

4. Ghaghra-Yamuna link Ghaghra & Yamuna -do- FR completed (Indian portion)
5. Sarda-Yamuna link Sarda & Yamuna Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand & Nepal FR completed (Indian portion)
6. Yamuna-Rajasthan link Yamuna & Sukri Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana & Rajasthan Draft FR  completed
7. Rajasthan-Sabarmati link Sabarmati -do- Draft FR  completed
8. Chunar-Sone Barrage link Ganga & Sone Bihar & Uttar Pradesh Draft FR  completed
9. Sone Dam – Southern Tributaries of Ganga link Sone & Badua Bihar & Jharkhand PFR completed
10. Ganga(Farakka)-Damodar-Subernarekha link Ganga, Damodar & Subernarekha West Bengal, Odisha & Jharkhand Draft FR completed
11. Subernarekha-Mahanadi link Subernarekha & Mahanadi West Bengal  & Odisha Draft FR




Kosi-Mechi link Kosi &Mechi Bihar , West Bengal & Nepal PFR completed Entirely lies in Nepal
13. Ganga (Farakka)-Sunderbans link Ganga & Ichhamati West Bengal Draft FR  completed
14. Jogighopa-Tista-Farakka link (Alternative to M-S-T-G) Manas, Tista & Ganga -do- (Alternative to M-S-T-G Link) dropped

 PFR- Pre  Feasibility Report

·         FR- Feasibility Report

·         DPR- Detailed Project Report

This information was given by Union Minister of State for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.

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