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Save the Children’s Niche Approach and Action in Humanitarian Crises and Long-Term Disaster Risk Reduction

Save the Children’s Niche Approach and Action in Humanitarian

Crises and Long-Term Disaster Risk Reduction

(Story By Minaketan Jena)-Since the inception of Bal Raksha Bharat in 2008, SC has responded to about 40 natural hazards and 4 conflict intensive humanitarian crises operations through which we have  reached 1,000,000 children. Save the Children has been working on both: Child Centred Humanitarian Response and Child Centred Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)/Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). In recent times, the organization delivered the biggest response among NGOs during the Kashmir floods in 2014, the flash floods in Uttarakhand in 2013, Cyclones  Phailin in 2013 and Hudhud in 2014, the Nepal earthquakes and the South India floods in 2015. SC has recently concluded its response to the floods in Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and drought in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Telangana which struck our land in 2016 as well as response to Cyclone Vardah. Child Centred Urban Resilience pilot is a unique  innovation that Save the Children is implementing in four cities in India, namely, Delhi,Mumbai, Kolkata and Patna. Save the Children implements and emphasizes a child-centred approach to be adopted in both humanitarian, disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and overall development action. Children's needs need to be prioritized, given the fact that about 40% of India’s  population comprises of children, who have specific needs during any humanitarian crisis. In every humanitarian crisis, it has been established time and again that children are always the most vulnerable, with severe threats to their health, nutrition and safety, which can persist for months following any calamity. While medical and health attention, along with nutrition and education needs all require an immediate response, early resumption of education, protection against abuse and trafficking and psycho-social support are the other important needs that need to be factored in every plan to ensure the well-being of children. Save the Children humanitarian response recognizes the differential needs of children of all age groups (0-1000days, 3-5 years, 6-14 years, 15-18 years) and delivers assistance appropriately. Although, we respond to the vulnerable children and communities when disasters strike, we also maintain that governments, civil society, media and corporates must work to strengthen Disaster Risk Reduction initiatives. Our Approach: Our CCHR approach is focusing on Save Lives of Children, Mothers and Others. Our First Responder response includes establishment of Child Friendly Spaces, Fast delivery of food baskets, Non-Food Items, Transitional Shelters and Temporary Learning Centres. Children Nutrition, Health, Protection and Education are prioritized in immediate aftermath of humanitarian crises.Sectoral Response in the First 30 Days and Progressive Recovery
A. Child Survival – Health &Nutrition in Emergencies
Supplementary feeding for U5s
 Health and Nutrition Checks
Monitoring – Surveillance
Rapid Addressal of SAM, MAM and AT
B. Integrated Child Protection and Education
Response – as per SC Standard
Operating Procedures
 Establishment of Child Friendly Spaces
(CFS) / Temporary Learning Centres
Provision of Early Learning / Primary /RISK cases and health hazards
 Establishment of Referral systems
Integrated WASH Response
Adolescent learning kits
Activation of Child Protection Platform for
FTR – Psycho-social care et al Activation of Education in Emergencies strategy and intervention
Save the Children DRR works is:
Child-Centred: Focusing on children’s rights and their capacity to drive changeAll Levels: SC works directly with children, their communities and government (local,national) All Sectors: Health & Nutrition, Education, Child Protection At Scale: Short, medium and longer timescales to create lasting impacts.Save the Children’s aim through its DRR intervention is to Reduce Risks (education,awareness, climate risk management, early warning systems, and preparedness) and Enhance Resilience (adaptive capacity, Livelihood Diversification, Integrated Vulnerability Assessment)SC grades any emergency and disaster as category 1-4 to each humanitarian crisis (1 indicating the high level of crisis to 4 indicating the smaller level) – to better trigger, monitor, measure and plan our responses. Our achievements: SC played a catalytic role in enabling a SAARC Regional Framework for Children and Disasters (2011), the only such framework in any region in the world.In Nutrition, SC India has done considerable amount of work to learn from in the context of primary humanitarian action (in Odisha in 2011) and in the conflict affected fragile area with the internally displaced population (IDP – Andhra Pradesh /Chhattisgarh – from 2010). In 2010, SC India initiated and led a National Round Table for Education in Emergencies and has partnered with UNICEF and RedR in steering this forward. Another instance is our response in West Bengal where solar lamps were distributed as part of the Education Kits. This benefited the children who had no electricity and required light to study. In 2009, Save the Children India initiated a National Round Table for Child Protection in Emergencies along with 15 child-centered organisations. This is now emerging on the lines of Inter Agency Standing Committee in building a coalition of organisations to develop tools and toolkit for field practitioners. At a strategic level,we are aiming to build a cadre of master trainers, integrate CPiE into Integrated Child Protection Systems (ICPS) from a policy advocacy framework and institutionalize this approach as a core element of humanitarian agenda.Recent Flood Response: Save the Children has concluded its child-centric emergency flood response with a focus on three of the most-affected states: Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh; reaching out to at least 5600 families – which would be more than 32,000 people, including more than 18,000 children. Save the Children delivered critical humanitarian assistance focusing on children and their families in 1 district of Assam (Dhemaji), 3 districts of Bihar (Katihar, Kishanganj, Khagaria) and in 2 districts of Uttar Pradesh (Bahraich and Shrawasti)

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