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AGRO-Meteorology Services

India Meteorological Department (IMD), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is implementing Agrometeorological Advisory Services (AAS) under the scheme “Gramin Krishi Mausam Seva (GKMS)” in the Country.GKMS of IMD is rendered twice a week to farmers in collaboration with State Agricultural Universities (SAUs), Institutions of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), IITs etc. District level weather forecast for next 5-days in respect of Rainfall,    maximum temperature, minimum temperature, wind speed, wind direction, relative humidity and clouds,  weekly cumulative rainfall forecast and Crop specific advisories are provided to farmers. GKMS of IMD has been successful in providing crop specific advisories to farmers through different print/visual/Radio/ IT based media including short message service (SMS) and Interactive Voice Response Service (IVRS) facilitating for appropriate field level actions. Weather forecast based agrometeorological advisories are disseminated through Kisan portal launched by Ministry of Agriculture and also under public private partner.

All the districts of Kerala have been covered under the scheme. Details of the districts in Kerala covered under the scheme are given below:
District for which AAS bulletins made
Agro
Meteorological
Field Unit (AMFU)
No. of Farmers receiving Agromet Advisory through SMS
Wayanad
Ambalavayal
72048
Idukki
Allepy
Kumarakom
56120
Kottayam
Malappuram
Pillicode
240408
Kozhikode
Kannur
Kasargod
Palakkad
Trissur (Vellanikara)
76644
Thrissur
Ernakulam
Thiruvanathpuram
Vellayani
74837
Kollam
Pattanamthitta
Total
520057
  Presently IMD is providing Agromet services to farming community at District level. Research efforts are initiated by IMD to explore possibility of generating sub district scale Agrometeorological forecast with acceptable level of verification skill in a pilot mode.There is mechanism for dissemination of Agromet Advisories through multi-mode communication channels including mass and electronic media and also through SMS and IVR (Interactive Voice Response Technology) through Kisan Portal launched by Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India as well as private companies under PPP mode. At present 21.16 million farmers are receiving the information through SMS on regular basis.Under modernization plan, IMD has installed 550 AWS and 127 Agro-AWS throughout the country, so that the observational network would be strengthened. These AWS data would be useful in generating high resolution weather forecast. At present the scheme is implemented at district level covering 636 districts in the country.This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Y.S.Chowdary in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today

Regional Climate Services

India Meteorological Department (IMD) is the nodal Government agency responsible for providing operational weather and climate services required for the country. For providing region-wise weather and climate services, , there are 6 Regional Meteorological Centres (RMCs) with headquarters at Chennai, Mumbai, Nagpur, New Delhi, Kolkata, & Guwahati. Under each RMC, there is State Meteorological Centers (MC) in each of the state capitals.The RMCs and MCs provide basic climate services like climatological and extreme weather and climate information, agromet advisories etc and other service products disseminated from office to Climate Research & Services (CRS), IMD, Pune. CRS carries out many India specific specialized climate related activities like Climate Monitoring and Analysis, Climate Prediction (Seasonal Forecasts), Climate Data Management, Climate Research and Climate Applications. CRS has been made functional to roll out climate services. Various groups have been created under CRS to render specific climate services activities in a gradual manner. The climate services activity was a part of continuing activities from 12th Plan and will be supported for rendering all necessary service delivery during the current planning period (2017-20).This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Y.S.Chowdary in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.

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