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Caesarean Deliveries

Caesarean Deliveries

The percentage of deliveries conducted by Caesarean section in the country is 17.2% as per National Family Health Survey-IV (2015-16). State-wise data is given below: 

Birth in Health Facility by Caesarean Section (%)
S.No. States Birth delivered by C section
India 17.2
1 Andaman & Nicobar 19.3
2 Andhra Pradesh 40.1
3 Arunachal Pradesh 8.9
4 Assam 13.4
5 Bihar 6.2
6 Chandigarh 22.6
7 Chhattisgarh 9.9
8 Delhi NCT 23.7
9 Daman & Diu 15.8
10 Dadar & Nagar Haveli 16.2
11 Goa 31.4
12 Gujarat 18.4
13 Haryana 11.7
14 Himachal Pradesh 16.7
15 Jammu & Kashmir 33.1
16 Jharkhand 9.9
17 Karnataka 23.6
18 Kerala 35.8
19 Lakshadweep 37.9
20 Madhya Pradesh 8.6
21 Maharashtra 20.1
22 Manipur 21.1
23 Meghalaya 7.6
24 Mizoram 12.7
25 Nagaland 5.8
26 Puducherry 33.6
27 Sikkim 20.9
28 Odisha 13.8
29 Punjab 24.6
30 Rajasthan 8.6
31 Tamil Nadu 34.1
32 Telangana 58
33 Tripura 20.5
34 Uttar Pradesh 9.4
35 Uttarakhand 13.1
36 West Bengal 23.8

Source-NFHS-IV (2015-16) World Health Organization (WHO) in its statement released in April, 2015 has said that at population level, Caesarean section rates higher than 10% are not associated with reductions in maternal and newborn mortality rates. Government of India (GoI) has already written to all States and UTs sharing the latest WHO statement. In addition, States have been informed to conduct periodic prescription audits in the private health facilities under the Clinical Establishment Act. They have also been informed that prescription audits can be extended to public health facilities. The Government of India has enacted the Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 with the objective of registration and regulation of health care institutions including those in the private sector. 10 States and 6 UTs have adopted the Clinical Establishment Act. Health being a state subject, it is the responsibility of the state to effectively implement the act.The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Sh Faggan Singh Kulaste stated this in a   written reply in the Rajya Sabha on 28th March 2017..

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