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Promoting the Use of Organic Manure

Promoting the Use of Organic Manure

Organic fertilizers have been tested scientifically in Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR), institutions and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) on various crops and soil types and found suitable for improving soil health and crop productivity. The organic fertilizers presently available may supplement (N,P) by nearly 20-25%. Biofertilizers when applied along with compost @ 5t/ha or vermicompost @ 2t/ha, fertilizer saving is almost 50%. The advantages of these organic fertilizers are that they are eco-friendly and not only provide nutrients for maintaining soil fertility but also improve soil physical & biological health.   Government is promoting judicious use of chemical fertilizers in conjunction with organic manures and biofertilizers to maintain soil health and productivity.Organic fertilizers largely are produced on-farm by the farmers.   When on-farm organic inputs are used, cost of production per unit area is less than 13% under organic agriculture than inorganic management. However, if organic inputs from outside the farm are purchased and utilized, the cost of production increases by about 15-20% depending on the nature of inputs used. Integrated Organic Farming System (IOFS) models being developed under National Project on Organic farming (NPOF) promises to meet 70-80% of organic inputs within the farm thus reducing the market input cost considerably.Government is promoting the use of Organic manures under the scheme Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). The Government is   promoting the use of organic inputs in the country, through assistance as under:

(i)          Financial assistance is provided under the component Integrated Manure Management of  Paramparagat  Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) for Phosphate Rich Organic Manure (PROM) as per specification given in FCO, 1985 @Rs.1000/acre for procuring and application of PROM to soil to meet phosphorus/Zinc deficiency in soil.

(ii)         Financial Assistance is provided for vermi-compost (size 7’x3’x1’) @Rs.5,000/- unit for procurement of earth worms, preparation of pits, construction of brick wall etc.

(iii)          Promotion of Organic Inputs under Organic & INM Components of Soil Health Management, assistance is provided for  Vermi-compost, Bio-fertilizers (Liquid / solid), Waste compost, Herbal extracts etc. including PROM @ 50 % of cost subject to a limit of Rs. 5000/- per ha and  maximum Rs.10,000 per beneficiary.

(iv)       Government is also promoting the production of organic manures by providing 100% financial assistance to State Governments/ Government Agencies upto a maximum limit of Rs.190.00 lakh per unit and 33% of project cost maximum limited to Rs.63 lakh per unit for individuals/private agencies through NABARD as capital investment for establishment of agro/vegetable waste compost production units of 3000 Total Per Annum (TPA) production capacity.

(v)        Under the Rain fed Area Development (RAD) component of NMSA, 50% of cost subject to limit of Rs 125/- per cubic ft. and maximum permissible assistance of Rs.50,000/- per unit for permanent structure and Rs 8,000/- per unit for High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) vermi bed is provided for construction of compost unit and, organic input production unit.

 (vi)      The Government of India is providing a Market Development Assistance @ Rs.1500/-per metric ton (MT) to Fertilizer Companies for sale of City Compost.    

State-wise details of different organic manures produced / available in during 2015-16 (All figures in lakh MT) 

State Rural Compost Farm Yard Manure (FYM)  City Compost  organic manure  Vermi Compost  other manure  Total Manure Green manure (Ha.)

Andhra Pradesh

62

0.35

22.1

0

1.52

0

85.97

8.39

Arunachal Pradesh

0.7

0.21

0

0.01

0.62

0.062

1.602

0.1

Assam

0

841

0

0

93.1

1.56

935.66

123

Bihar

10.32

8.5

0.32

5.01

9.12

0

33.27

1.8

Chhattisgarh

11.04917

42.51

11.23

0

3.02

53.0884

97.88217

18.68472

Delhi

0.04

0

0.5

0.04

0.03

0.21

0.82

0.097

Goa 

0

375

0

0

0.78

4.9

380.68

62

Gujarat

10.2

8.6

0

2.175985

0.2

0.0106015

2.3886365

0.012

Haryana 

0

0

0

15

25.1

14

29

2.92

Himachal Pradesh 

1.9

0

0.23

0

0

0

2.13

1.11

Jammu  & Kashmir

0

0

0

0

396

0

700

72.1

Jharkhand

5.9

6.3

6.5529578

2.723575

19.13513

0.1587

28.5703628

1.22

Karnataka

0.72

0

0.68

0

3.2515

0.005

4.6565

0.45

Kerala

26.38297

15.165

1.026

0.909

10.096

1.26194

19.84091

0.9

Madhya Pradesh

10.36

6.58

7.5

0

2.5

4

14

1.05

Maharashtra

0

0.72

0

0

0.09

0

0.81

0.08

Manipur

0

19

0

0

9

0

28

2.1

Mizoram

0

1.12

0

0

1.06

0

2.18

0.013

Meghalaya

0.42

1.3

0

0

1.21

0

2.93

0.01

Nagaland

10.6

0

8.42102

0.2154

6.1665

0

25.40292

3.21

Odisha

0

0

0.19229

0.8346

0.34

7.531

8.70198

0.45

Punjab

0.04

0

0.5

0.04

0.03

0.21

0.82

0.097

Pondicherry

0

0

3.1162

0

0

1.434895

4.551095

0.45

Rajasthan

21.92

12.2

0

0.012

0

0.0113

34.1433

0.004

Sikkim

0.34

0

0

0

0.05

0

0.39

0.05

Tamilnadu

0.05

0

9.28915

0

5.784556

1.29863

18.422336

2.21

Tripura

2.6

0

0

0

0.91

0

0.91

0

Uttar Pradesh

10.6

14.6

0

0

0.5

0

25.7

3.31

Uttarakhand

25.3

19.5

0

0

0.23

0

0.23

0.03

West Bengal

8.5

29.99

8.3

4.2

1.95

4.986

57.926

22

Grand Total

219.9421

1402.645

79.95762

31.17056

591.7937

94.72847

2547.588

327.8477

   Source:  NCOF Ghaziabad         This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Shri Parshottam Rupala, in reply to a question in Rajya Sabha on17th March 2017

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