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A total of 3590 hospitals and 25,732 Dispensaries provide AYUSH medical treatment in the country

A total of 3590 hospitals and 25,732 Dispensaries provide AYUSH medical treatment in the country: Shri Shripad Yessso Naik

A total of 3590 hospitals providing AYUSH medical treatment in the country were functional as on 01.04.2016. These include 2820 hospitals of Ayurveda, 256 of Unani, 273 Siddha hospitals, 7 of Yoga, 30 of Naturopathy and 203 homoeopathy hospitals. The number of AYUSH dispensaries in the country as on 01.04.2016 were 25,732. The number of AYUSH registered practitioners in the country as on 01.01.2016 were 7,71,468. The Central Government, through Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM), extends support for promotion of AYUSH healthcare to the States/UTs for co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs) for development of infrastructure, purchase of equipment & furniture and supply of essential AYUSH medicines. NAM also extends support for development of AYUSH educational institution, Quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani & Homoeopathy (ASU & H) drugs and Medicinal Plants. Further, under National Health Mission (NHM), support is provided to States/UTs for strengthening their healthcare systems including for mainstreaming of AYUSH based on the requirements posed by the States/UTs in their Programme Implementation Plans (PIPs). These supports also include support for engagement of AYUSH doctors/paramedics in public health facilities. This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri ShripadYesso Naik in reply to a question in Lok Sabha .Replying to supplementary question, Shri Shripad Naik said that the AYUSH Ministry has set up National Institutes and Research Centres in a few States which will be extended to other states gradually. Post Graduate courses in AYUSH medicine have been started in these National institutes to meet the demand for good quality professionals, the Minister explained. Shri Shripad Naik also said that the AYUSH Ministry is working with the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to provide AYUSH Medicines at the 3000 Government medical stores across the country

Government establishing 02 Post Graduate Institutes of Yoga and Naturopathy Education and Research with 200 bedded hospital at Jhajjar, Haryana and Nagmangala, Karnataka    Five Universities identified by UGC for  Yoga department and courses from academic year 2016-17 
  
There are 03 institutions under the Ministry of AYUSH, which are imparting education in Yoga and Naturopathy including Yoga and Naturopathy in the country :-
(a) Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy (CCRYN), 61-65, Institutional Area, Janakpuri, New Delhi – 110 058
(b)  Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (MDNIY), 68, Ashok Road, New Delhi -110 001
(c) National Institute of Naturopathy (NIN), Bapu Bhavan, Tadiwala Road, Pune, Maharashtra – 411001
     Further, University Grants Commission (UGC) identified the following Central Universities to start the Yoga Department and courses on Yoga from the academic session    2016-17:
a.       Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University
b.      Visva Bharati, Shantiniketan
c.       Central University of Rajasthan
d.      Central University of Kerala
e.       Indira Gandhi National Tribal University
f.       Manipur University
There are 08 OPDs run by CCRYN, which provide Yoga therapy to the patients.  National Institute of Naturopathy is conducting a Naturopathy & Yoga OPD at its HQ office. Apart from this, they are also running a Sanatorium for HIV+ve persons as an IPD at Panchagani, Dist. Satara.
CCRYN is in the process of establishing Yoga and Naturopathy institutions in the country; which are as under :-
(1). Establishment of 02 Post Graduate Institutes of Yoga and Naturopathy Education and Research (PGIYNER) with 200 bedded Yoga and Naturopathy hospital at Jhajjar, Haryana and Nagmangala, Karnataka.
(2). Establishment of 5 CRIs in different States of the  country along with 100 bedded indoor hospital facilities to carry out in depth research studies to establish the efficacy of Yoga and Naturopathy in various remedies.
The Ministry of AYUSH has approved a proposal to establish Naturopathy Hospital, Medical College, Research Unit and Gandhi Memorial at new site Kondhwa, Pune under NIN.
The Ministry has not made any assessment   regarding the interest of people towards Naturopathy and Yoga. However, there is a general trend that there is an increase in the number of people registered for Yoga & Naturopathy during last three years. Further, the diseases like digestive disorders, respiratory disorders, skeleton muscular disorders, skin disorders, non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular problems, etc. are treated through Naturopathy & Yoga.
National Curriculum Framework (NCF), National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) 2005 recommended Yoga as an Integral Part of Health and Physical Education.  Health and Physical Education is a compulsory subject from Class I to Class X and optional from Classes XI to XII.  According to National Curriculum Framework 2005, “the entire group Health and Physical Education and Yoga must be taken together as a comprehensive Health and Physical Education Curriculum, replacing the fragmentary approach current in schools today.  As a core part of the curriculum, time allocated for games and for yoga must not be reduced or taken away under any circumstances”. Further, they have already developed integrated syllabi on Health and Physical Education from Class I to Class X.  The syllabus is available on NCERT website www.ncert.nic.in. The content of Yoga has been included from Class VI onward. It also prepared separate syllabus on Yoga from Upper Primary to Secondary Stage.
NCERT has brought out the following two textual materials for Upper Primary (VI toVIII) and Secondary Stages (IX & X):
(i)   Yoga: A Healthy Way of Living (Upper Primary stage) and
(ii)   Yoga: A Healthy Way of Living (Secondary Stage)
NCERT organised Yoga Olympiad from school to National Level from 18th to  20thJune, 2016.
Government has constituted a National Board for Promotion and Development of Yoga & Naturopathy (NBPDYN), which will also look into the standardization of education & practice of Yoga & Naturopathy.This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri ShripadYesso Naik in reply to a question in Lok Sabha

Total of 607 AYUSH Medical Colleges in the country  

163 proposals received from state/UT governments as well as private applicants for opening of AYUSH medical colleges in the year 2016-17: AYUSH Minister

 There are 607 (341 Ayurveda, 52 Unani, 10 Siddha and 204 Homoeopathy) AYUSH Medical colleges functional at present in the country. The Central Government has supported AYUSH medical colleges under Central Sector Scheme of Public Health Initiatives (PHI) as well as under the Central Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) through the State/UT Governments. The Government has received 163 proposals (108 Ayurveda, 01 Siddha, 09 Unani and 45 Homoeopathy) from State/UT Governments as well as private applicants seeking permission of Central Government for opening of AYUSH Medical Colleges in the year 2016-17. Out of 163 proposals, 159 proposals (105 Ayurveda, 01 Siddha, 08 Unani and 45 Homoeopathy) have been forwarded to the Central Regulatory Councils and 04 proposals (03 Ayurveda and 01 Unani) have been returned back to the applicants because the proposals have not been received as per the notified Regulations.The AYUSH Minister disclosed that that a total amount of Rs. 161.9 lakhs has been released in the year 2015-16 to AYUSH Colleges under Public Health Initiatives (PHI) Schemes and a total of Rs. 90.8 lakhs released in the year 2016-17 i.e. a total of 252.7 has been released under PHI Schemes.Under the National AYUSH Mission, a total of Rs. 7579.2 lakhs have been released to AYUSH Colleges from 2014-15 to till date.This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri ShripadYesso Naik in reply to a question in Lok Sabha

211 projects taken up under Extra Mural Research Scheme of M/o AYUSH, Total grant under the scheme raised to Rs 5.82 cr

The Extra Mural Research Scheme under Ministry of AYUSH provides grant to Public/Private research organization which are competent to undertake project in the field Ayurveda, Yoga & Natoturopathy, Unani Siddha and Homoeopathy. The grants-in-aid are provided to the Research Organization directly and not to State/UT Governments. The scheme was formulated in the year 1999 and has been lately amended in November, 2014.The Stream-wise details of the funds sanctioned, allocated and utilized under the scheme since its inception in 1999 are as below:-

Stream Sanctioned(In Rs.) Allocated(In Rs.)  Utilized(In Rs.)
Ayurveda 14,47,60,055/- 11,20,16,018/- 9,24,08,684/-
Yoga & Naturopathy 4,77,43,000/- 4,77,43,000/-
Unani 15,74,60,258/- 11,43,93,851/- 7,99,81,777/-
Siddha 2,77,17,629/- 1,37,34,014/- 36,91,584/-
Homoeoopathy 10,94,56,197/- 7,74,23,003/- 6,64,47,593/-

There are no specific targets fixed for the scheme. However, the achievement are as follows:-The total No. of the project funded under this scheme is 211, out of which a total of 141 projects have been completed. A total of 161 papers have been published in the peer reviewed journals. Further, 13 patents have been filed as a sequel to the research work undertaken under the EMR scheme in the Ayurveda and Unani stream. So far, 10 homoeopathic drugs have been validated under this scheme. The EMR scheme provides for engagement of 1-2 Research Fellows for the specific duration of each project. However, the number of scholars encouraged across the country through this scheme have not been assessed. The EMR scheme has grown in popularity among the scientific community of the country. During last two years, 400 projects (approx.) have been received in the Ministry of AYUSH. After amendment of the scheme in November, 2014, the total grant during the 2015-16 raised from Rs. 1.80 Crore to Rs. 5.82 Crore. The scheme has attracted the best scientists from reputed organizations, viz. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) etc.This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri ShripadYesso Naik in reply to a question in Lok Sabha

Four Autonomous Councils of Ministry of AYUSH have undertaken substantial Research for development of effective medicines for communicable and non-communicable diseases:

The four autonomous organization under Ministry of AYUSH namely, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM), Central Council for Research in Siddha (CCRS), Central Council for Research in Homeopathy (CCRH) have undertaken Research for development of effective medicines for communicable and non-communicable diseases. The details are as under:-

CCRAS:-

AYUSH-64 (Anti-Malarial Drug); AYUSH-56 (Anti-Epileptic Drug); AYUSH-82 (for Diabetes Mellitus); NIMBATIKTAM (For Psoriasis and Duodenal ulcer); AYUSH POSHAK YOGA and PEYA (Immunomodulator, Antistress and General Health Promoter); SHUNTHI GUGGULU (Rheumatoid Arthirits); KSHARASUTRA (Ano Rectal Disorders); AYUSH BALARASAYANA (for Promotion of Health in Children); AYUSH GHUTTI (for prevention of Diarrhoea and Fever in Children);

Other AYURVEDIC FORMULATIONS (for Antenatal Care) i.e. AYUSH PG, AYUSH AD, AYUSH AG Tablet and AYUSH GG Table for the treatment of several communicable and non-communicable diseases.

CCRUM:- The Council has completed studies on new Unani drugs namely,Baras (Vitiligo); Iltehab-e-Tajaweef-e-Anf (Chronic Sinusitis); Da-us-Sadaf (Psoriasis); Kasrat-e-Shahm-ud-Dam (Hyperlipidaemia); Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD); Tahajjur-e-Mafasil (Osteoarthritis); Iltehab-e-Kabid (Infective Hepatitis); Waja-ul-Mafasil (Rheumatoid Arthritis); Daul Feel (Filariasis); ZeequnNafas (Bronchial asthma).

CCRS:- D-5 Croonam for diabetes Mellitus; RasagandhiMezhugu for fibroid uterus.

CCRH: During last three years, it has conducted 25 research studies on communicable and non-communicable diseases and have identified a group of efficacious drugs.

The Government of India has taken following steps to provide improved intellectual property protection tothese AYUSH medicines so as to check exploitation of these national treasures by multinational companiesin this regard: –

  1. Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) has been established with the objective of preventing misappropriation of traditional Indian medicinal knowledge of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha& Yoga. The TKDL has been prepared in five languages, namely English, French, German, Japanese and Spanish in patent compatible format to make available the existing knowledge, which is already in public domain to the patent examiners, so that such patent applications, which are related to traditional knowledge are rejected at the examination stage itself.
  2. Guidelines for examination of applications related to Traditional Knowledge and biological subject matter have been issued by the Indian patent Office (CGPDTM) to prevent undue grant of patents.

   iii.     Indian Patents Act provides specific provisions to prevent grant of patents to an invention, which in effect, is traditional knowledge or which is an aggregation or duplication of known properties of traditionally known component or components.

  1. The Biodiversity Act, 2000 requires an applicant to seek prior  approval of the National Biodiversity authority before making an application for any intellectual property right which involves an invention based on biological resources obtained from India.

As per the information provided by the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), details of number of patent applications filed/published granted as per provisions of Patents Act on herbal/plants/Ayurvedic formulations, from 01.01.2005, onwards are as under:-

Patent Applications Filed Patents Granted
Domestic Foreign Domestic Foreign
1000 129 185 23

 

This information was given by the Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shri ShripadYessoNaik in reply to a question in Lok Sabha

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